Article 3418

Title of the article

VERTEBRATES DETECTED BY P. C. PALLAS IN THE MODERN TERRITORY OF SAMARA REGION 

Authors

Gorelov Roman Andreevich, Research engineer, laboratory of herpetology and toxinology, Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin of the Russian Academy of Science (10 Komzina street, Togliatti, Russia), E-mail: gorelov.roman@mail.ru 

Index UDK

597/599+001.891.32(470.43) 

DOI

10.21685/2307-9150-2018-4-3 

Abstract

Background. The purpose of the work is to clarify the species composition of wild vertebrates of Samara region, noted here by P. S. Pallas 250 years ago, and compare the list with the current regional fauna.
Materials and methods. The names of vertebrates of the region used at the present time, which were reported by Pallas in the first part of “Journey through different provinces of the Russian Empire”, are specified.
Results. It was possible to identify the names of most species. Pallas in Samara region described three new species of vertebrate animals: Rana vespertina (modern name Pelobates vespertinus), Coluber melanis (form Vipera berus), Mustela sarmarica (younger synonym Vormela peregusna).
Conclusions. Almost all species of vertebrate animals, noted by Pallas, have survived in the modern fauna of the region, but have reduced their numbers. Caspiomyzon wagneri and Ursus arctos disappeared from the fauna of the region. 

Key words

Peter Simon Pallas, fauna, cyclostomes, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, Middle Volga 

 

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References

1. Pallas P. S. Puteshestvie po raznym provintsiyam Rossiyskoy imperii [Journey through various provinces of the Russian Empire]. Saint-Petersburg, 1773, part 1, 117 p.
2. Pallas P. S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs [Journey through various provinces of the Russian Empire]. Saint-Petersburg, 1771, part I, 504 p.
3. Krasnaya kniga Samarskoy oblasti. T. 2. Redkie vidy zhivotnykh [The Red Book of Samara region. Vol. 2. Rare animal species]. Tolyatti: Kassandra, 2009, 332 p.
4. Garanin V. I. Istoriko-biologicheskie issledovaniya [Historical and biological research]. Saint-Petersburg, 2011, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 42–54.
5. Krasnaya kniga Rossiyskoy Federatsii (zhivotnye) [The Red Book of the Russian Federation (animals)]. Moscow: AST: Astrel', 2001, 860 p.
6. Bakiev A. G. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN [Proceedings of Samara Scientific Center of RAS]. 2016, vol. 18, no. 5 (2), pp. 167–171. 

 

Дата создания: 22.03.2019 10:03
Дата обновления: 22.03.2019 10:22